For example I've referred before to the idea that tabulating individual voter preferences into something that we want to call majority preference is problematic, but I haven't really gone through and explained why. Hans gives a much more detailed (and easy to follow) explanation. And it's important; indeed, part of the case I'm always making against majoritarian versions of democracy rests on the finding that in most cases voting doesn't actually do what we want it to do.
So what are the ten items? (my wording except where indicated):
- Fundamentals matter in elections
- Public Opinion is actually complex and hard to figure out
- Elections don't necessarily do what we want them to do
- Mandates are fiction "created after the fact by people who want you to think one thing or another"
- First past the post tends to yield a two-party system
- Political parties are essential for democracy to work
- "Most independents are closet partisans"
- Interest groups are on balance good things
- All groups and parties have some sort of leaders; there are no spontaneous mass movements
It's a nice job, and I highly recommend it.
(I don't usually put in a disclaimer, but every once in a while I should mention that political science, especially the broad subfield of American politics, isn't all that large a discipline, and various authors I'll recommend are friends or acquaintances or former softball teammates from grad school).